Indian Railways facts

All you need to know about Indian Railways:

> Indian railway system is the second largest in Asia and the fourth largest in the world.
> It is the biggest departmental public undertaking in the country.
> The first train ran in India between Bombay and Thane for a stretch of 34 km on April 16, 1853.
  The Indian railways celebrated its 150th anniversary on April 16, 2003.
> The second train ran between Howrah and Hooghly in 1854.
> The headquaters of railway is in New Delhi (Rail Bhavan).
> The father of Indian Railways: Lord Dalhousie.

Indian Railways facts
image source: Pramath

> The first electric train in India was 'Deccan Queen'. It was introduced in 1929 between Bombay and Poona.
> Indian Railways ahs the second biggest largest Electrified system in the world after Russia.
> The fastest train in India is the Bhopal-New Delhi Shatabdi Express whose maximum speed is 140km/hr.
> The total covered is approximately 115,000km.
> The total number of railway stations in India is 7500.
> The longest Railway Platform in India is at Gorakhpur (U.P).
> Mumbai is the destination for a maximum number of trains in India to head for.
> The longest train route is of 'Vivek Express' from Dibrugarh in Assam to Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu.
> The first metro rail was introduced in Kolkatta(West Bengal) on Oct 24, 1984.
> The Indian Railways operate in four different gauges:

Railway guage Distance between Rails
1. Broad Gauge 1.67 m
2. Meter Gauge 1.00 m
3. Narrow Gauge 0.762 m
4. Light Gauge 0.610 m

> The Broad gauge account for nearly 90% route followed by meter gauge (7.9%) and remaining by narrow
  and light gauge.
> Indian railways are divided into 17 zones, headed by a General Manager who is responsible to the
  Railway Board, for all matters.

It is the project to shorten the distance between Maharasthra, Goa and Karnataka. The total
route length is 738 km between Roha station (Maharashtra) and Mangalore (Karnataka).

>Railway Manufacturing Units:

Chittaranjan Locomotive Work: Located in Chittaranjan(W.B) and manufactures electric engines.
Diesel locomotive Work: Located in Varanasi(UP) and manufactures diesel engines.
Integral Coach Factory: Located in Perambur(TN) and manufactures rail coaches.
Wheel and Axle plant: Located at Yelahanka(Karnataka) and manufactures wheels and axles.
Diesel Component Works: Located in Patiala (Punjab) nad manufactures components of diesel engines.
Rail Coach Factory: Located at Kapurthala(Punjab) and manufactures rail coaches.
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